We offer you the November 2019 astronomy calendar. Astronomy is the foundation upon which astrology can operate. Actually, astrology and astronomy were treated together, under the Latin name of astrologia, being separated only by the Western 17th century philosophy. For sure: a good astrologer needs to study astronomy.
Tuesday, 5th November, Wednesday, 6th November: Taurids Meteor Shower
The Taurids are an annual meteor shower. It produces only about 5-10 meteors per hour. It actually has two separate streams, with a Southern and a Northern component. The Southern Taurids comes from debris left behind by Comet 2P Encke. The Northern Taurids come from dust grains left behind by Asteroid 2004 TG10. Their name comes from their radiant point in the constellation Taurus, where they are seen to come from in the sky. Because of their occurrence in late October and early November, they are also called Halloween fireballs. It peaks this year on the night of November 5. Meteors will radiate from the constellation Taurus, but can appear anywhere in the sky.
Monday, November 11th: Rare Transit of Mercury across the Sun
The planet Mercury moves directly between the Earth and the Sun. With telescope, the dark disk of Mercury will be observed moving across the face of the Sun. This is a rare transit. The next one takes place in 2039. Mercury transits the Sun approximately 13 times each century. The best place to view this event in its entirety will be the eastern United States, Central America and South America. But you will be able to observe it from different parts of Europe, Middle East and Africa.
Tuesday, 12th November: Full Moon
The full moon is the lunar phase when the Moon appears fully illuminated from Earth’s perspective. This takes place when Earth is located directly between the Sun and the Moon. More exactly, the ecliptic longitudes of the Sun and Moon differ by 180°). This means that the lunar hemisphere facing Earth – the near side –appears as a circular disk (being completely sunlit), while the far side is dark.
November’s full Moon was called the Beaver Moon by both the Algonquin tribes and colonial Americans. This was the month to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. Others say the name comes from the heavy activity of beavers building their winter dams. The November full Moon was also called the Full Frost Moon or Frosty Moon, Deer-Mating Moon and Fur-Pelts Moon.
Sunday, 17th November, Monday, 18th November: Leonids Meteors Shower
This is a prolific meteor shower associated with the comet Tempel-Tuttle. The Leonids get their name from the location of their radiant in the constellation Leo. The meteors appear to radiate from that point in the sky. The Leonids produce up to 15 meteors per hour at their peak, being an average shower. This shower has a cyclonic peak about every 33 years, where hundreds of meteors per hour can be seen. That last of these occurred in 2001. The Leonids is produced by dust grains left behind by comet Tempel-Tuttle, discovered in 1865.
Sunday, 24th November: Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter
Venus and Jupiter share the same right ascension, with Venus passing 1°24′ to the south of Jupiter. So, these two objects will make a close approach, technically called an appulse. In simpler words, they will appear close to one another in the sky. Look for this impressive sight in the western sky just after sunset.
Tuesday, 26th November: New Moon
The New Moon occurs when the Sun and Moon are aligned, with the Sun and Earth on opposite sides of the Moon. Now, the Moon and Sun have the same ecliptic longitude, this being the first lunar phase. At this phase, the lunar disk is not visible to the unaided eye, except when silhouetted during a solar eclipse. This is the best time of the month to observe faint objects such as galaxies and star clusters because there is no moonlight to interfere.
Thursday, 28th November: Mercury at Greatest Western Elongation
In astronomy, a planet’s elongation is the angular separation between the Sun and the planet, with Earth as the reference point. The planet Mercury reaches greatest western elongation of 20.1 degrees from the Sun. November 28th is the best time to view Mercury since it will be at its highest point above the horizon in the morning sky. Look for the planet low in the eastern sky just before sunrise.