This is a complete list of full moon names traditionally used.
The full moon is the lunar phase when the Moon appears fully illuminated from Earth’s perspective. This is the most spectacular moon phase. This is when we can sometimes see lunar eclipses. So, it has fascinated people from the past.
Most Full Moon names which today we consider traditionally date back to Native Americans of North America. Full Moon names were applied to the entire month in which each occurred. There was some variation in the full Moon names, but in general, the same ones were consistent among regional tribes. Then, European settlers followed that custom and created some of their own names.
There are two main written sources for those traditionally full moon names. The first of them is The American Boy’s Book of Signs, Signals and Symbols for use by the boy scouts, published by Daniel Carter Beard, in 1918. The second is The Maine Farmers’ Almanac, which, from c. the 1930s, began to publish Native American Indian full moon names. The Farmers’ Almanac (since 1955 published in Maine, but not the same publication as the Maine Farmers’ Almanac) continues to do so.
So, this is complete list of full moon names traditionally used for each calendar month.
January Full Moon Traditionally Names
The January Full Moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Wolf Moon, because this was the time of year when hungry wolf packs howled outside their camps. This is the name attested in Farmers’ Almanac. However, in Beard’s 1918 book, this was the name given to the December Full Moon.
Other names for this full moon were Old Moon, Ice Moon, the Moon After Yule, Difficulty Moon and Black Smoke Moon.
February Full Moon Traditionally Names
The February Full Moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Snow Moon, because, usually, the heaviest snows fall in this month. Hunting becomes very difficult, and hence to some tribes this was known as the Full Hunger Moon.
Other names for this full moon were Raccoon Moon, Bare Spots on the Ground Moon, Storm Moon.
March Full Moon Traditionally Names
March full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Worm Moon because this was the time of year when the ground would begin to soften and the earthworms would reappear.
Other names for this full moon were Wind Moon, Little Grass moon, Sore-Eye Moon, Crow Moon, Sap Moon, Lenten Moon, Chaste Moon, Death Moon and Crust Moon.
April Full Moon Traditionally Names
April full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Pink Moon, because it marked the appearance of the moss pink, or wild ground phlox, which is one of the first spring flowers.
Some coastal tribes called it the Full Fish Moon, because this was the time that the shad swam upstream to spawn.
This moon has also been known as the Sprouting Grass Moon, the Growing Moon, the Egg Moon or the Goose-Egg Moon and the Ducks Moon.
May Full Moon Traditionally Names
May full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Flower Moon because, in most areas, flowers are abundant during this time.
Other names for May Full moon were Green Grass Moon, Root-Food Moon, Milk Moon and Corn Planting Moon.
June Full Moon Traditionally Names
June full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Strawberry Moon, because it signalled the time of year to gather ripening fruit. It also coincides with the peak of the strawberry harvesting season.
This moon has also been known as the Full Rose Moon, the Full Honey Moon, the Corn-Planting Moon, the Mead Moon and the Thunder Moon.
July Full Moon Traditionally Names
July full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Buck Moon, because this month is when the new antlers of buck deer push out from their foreheads in coatings of velvety fur.
This moon has also been known as the Buffalo Moon, the Bull Moon, the Hot Sun Moon, the Hay Moon, the Elk Moon and the Thunder Moon.
August Full Moon Traditionally Names
August full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Sturgeon Moon, since sturgeon, a large fish of the Great Lakes and other major bodies of water were most readily caught during this month.
This moon has also been known as Harvest Moon, Cow Buffalo Moon, Red Moon, Corn Moon or Green Corn Moon and Grain Moon.
September Full Moon
September full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Corn Moon, because the corn is harvested around this time of year.
This moon is also known as the Harvest Moon, the Wild Rice Moon and the Red Plum Moon.
October Full Moon Traditionally Names
This full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Hunters Moon. The leaves are falling from trees, the deer are fattened, and it’s time to begin storing up meat for the long winter ahead.
Other names for the October full moon were Leaf-Falling Moon, Nuts Moon, Blood Moon, Sanguine Moon, Travel Moon and Dying Grass Moon.
November Full Moon Traditionally Names
November’s full Moon was called the Beaver Moon by both the Algonquin tribes and colonial Americans, because this was the month to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. Others say the name comes from the heavy activity of beavers building their winter dams.
The November full Moon was also called the Full Frost Moon or Frosty Moon, Deer-Mating Moon and Fur-Pelts Moon.
December Full Moon Traditionally Names
December full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Cold Moon, because this is the time of year when the cold winter air settles in and the nights become long and dark.
Sometimes this moon is referred to as the Full Long Nights Moon, which is an appropriate name because the nights are now indeed long and the moon is above the horizon a long time.
In Beard’s 1918 book, it is called the Wolves Moon, while in Farmers’ Almanac this is the name given to the January Full Moon.
Other names given to this moon were the Moon before Yule, the Big Moon, the Oak Moon and the Cold moon.